Citation, Documentation of Sources
Q. I’m copyediting a book that’s using endnotes with no bibliography. For multiple authors, should I use the rule in CMOS and list up to ten authors in the first endnote? What if each chapter in the book I’m copyediting is written by a different author, and these authors differ in the number of authors they list in the endnotes? Does the copyeditor then have a role in imposing consistency?
Q. If a number of references are given in the same endnote, should they be given in any particular order (e.g., alphabetically)?
Q. I am attempting to proofread and fix the style of the endnotes of a book on communications for a generally humanities audience. My problem is that the author of the book is a lawyer and has cited many law review articles that he considers governed by the Bluebook style. Should I use the general style for citing periodicals in the sixteenth edition of CMOS (paragraphs 14.170–217) for the legal articles? As it is, the humanities articles are in CMOS format and the law review articles are in Bluebook format. This hybrid style doesn’t seem acceptable to me. Please help.
Q. Hi. I’m creating a handout for students that’s kind of a quick guide to simple kinds of citations following CMOS and referring them to their copies of CMOS for more info. I’m having trouble finding your preference for television show citations. I can find info on citing them within a text or for citing reviews, but how about citing the actual program in a bibliography?
Q. I have a question that I hope you will answer for me. In an academic book, how does one cite a quote that is taken from a book of quotations (such as Bartlett’s)? Does one cite the quote’s original source— Bartlett’s provides scant information about its quotes’ sources—does one cite Bartlett’s, which seems awkward to me, or are quotes found in books of quotations considered to be part of the public domain and, therefore, not in need of citation? Also, are there different rules for whether the quote is placed above the chapter title (a chapter epigraph) or part of the body of a chapter? I am working under a tight deadline and would, therefore, greatly appreciate a prompt response, if possible.
Q. I have looked high and low for some reference to citing television ads in your manual, and have not found a single one. How would one cite a television commercial as part of an article’s running text, and in the references section as well?
Q. I am attempting to help someone out with their bibliography and I, of course, have received all the difficult entries. I have a three-page document that is an Executive Summary; it is not a published work, nor does it have any “publisher” information, but it does list authors. How would I cite this? Would I follow the rules for citing an unpublished, duplicated piece?
Q. I’m in the process of finalizing my Ph.D. dissertation, and I’m struggling with two minor stylistic issues: (1) How should I handle citations within a parenthesis when it begins with e.g.? Should the year be enclosed in parentheses or not? That is, “. . . (e.g., Porter (1987))” or “(e.g., Porter 1987).” (2) Is there an elegant way to refer to a page or section in the current document so that the cross-reference is not confused with an external reference. For example, the text may read: “According to Porter (1987), strategy can be defined as. . . . This definition is used in the current research (see also p. 49).” This reference could be interpreted as page 49 in Porter (1987) or as page 49 in the dissertation.
Q. Perhaps you can help me. How do I format a second footnote for an article in an edited anthology (more than two editors), when the anthology already has been cited fully in another footnote for a different article in the same anthology? Must I write the complete citation for the anthology for every article contained within it?
Q. I have searched for the answer to this question but have not found it discussed in your text. I am writing a dissertation in the social sciences. I cite to references in parentheses in the text in the format (Smith 1999) with full citations contained in a bibliography. I sometimes cite to the same reference a few sentences later. I am wondering if I can use the abbreviation (ibid.) instead of repeating the exact same citation (Smith 1999)?