Citation, Documentation of Sources

Q. I’ve noticed in some of your Shop Talk posts that source citations are linked from a title instead of from an actual URL. But doesn’t Chicago require listing a URL in citations of online sources?

Q. Although CMOS is quite clear about the care one must take when quoting lyrics and poems that are still under copyright, I cannot find a single example of how to cite them once that care has been taken. Help a girl out? Muchas merci!

Q. Are URLs always included in a first footnote citation in Chicago style? (Full disclosure: I hate it! It makes the page footers look like a bunch of gobbledegook.) I know that style is always evolving, but this practice seems like a redundancy when the URLs are in the bibliography. Any insight would be appreciated.

Q. I’m writing a historical paper for which a paywall website,, provided a great deal of material because it accesses newspaper archives, for a price. In my notes and bibliography, should I include the URL for each article I cite? The link will bring readers to a blocked article if they are not paid subscribers. Thank you.

Q. When a URL is the last item in a footnote, the period at the end of the note sometimes gets swept up in either a hyperlink or a copy-and-paste of the URL. When this happens, the link doesn’t work. Is there any movement to change the rule for punctuation around URLs to reflect this reality?

Q. More and more journals publish articles first online before the print edition. In some cases, the online version is published one or more years before the print version. For author-date, do we include both dates (i.e., [2020] 2021), or do we ignore the year of the online version?

Q. When using a picture of an item in a museum’s collection, how would one appropriately give credit and cite the work? For instance, a Japanese censer with no known sculptor or year of creation.

Q. How would I cite a CV located on a university website professor bio page?

Q. As a copyeditor, I’m starting to see papers where the authors cite presentations from virtual conferences and meetings. According to CMOS 14.217, the location of the meeting is to be included in the citation. What would you suggest as far as wording and style? (I was thinking maybe “[Virtual]” would work in place of the location.) Thank you in advance!

Q. When citing an essay that predates the anthology book in which it is featured, is the original year of the essay included in the citation in addition to the anthology publication year?