Citation, Documentation of Sources

Q. I have scoured the CMOS website and searched online, but I am stymied. I have quoted someone’s Twitter bio. How do I cite it?? Please help.

A. In most contexts, it’s enough simply to mention the bio in the text. Twitter bios are subject to change without notice, so add a date:

As of August 1, 2022, Mindy Kaling’s Twitter bio (@mindykaling) consisted of just two words: “new money.”

If you are expected (as for a school paper) to include a more formal citation, it may be styled as follows (as in a footnote):

1. Mindy Kaling (@mindykaling), “new money,” Twitter bio, accessed August 1, 2022,

Note, however, that a Twitter bio isn’t worth adding to a bibliography; a tweet, however, might be, as some will consist of an extended thread that approaches the level of a news article or blog post. For more details and an example, see CMOS 14.209.