15th EditionAppendix A: Design and Production—Basic Procedures and Key Terms
An electronic version of a publication may be produced in conjunction with, or even instead of, a print version (see chapter 1). Many of the basic production stages for an electronic publication are the same as those for a print publication.
One procedure that can enhance the usefulness of a file intended for publication in an electronic format is to add formal markup in SGML or XML (see 2.91). The point at which markup is added varies widely from one publisher to another. Chicago, for example, adds markup to its journal articles before editing begins; it is present throughout editing and production. For Web presentation, the final edited files are converted to HTML; elements that cannot be rendered reliably in HTML—such as figures and images of complex math—are specially generated for Web presentation. The presence and functioning of all elements, including hypertext links and any other electronic-only features, must be confirmed before publication (see 3.42–43).
Publication in an electronic storage medium, such as a CD-ROM or a DVD, involves specific technical production tasks beyond markup that are suitable to the medium and that are not detailed here.