CMOS FAQ Questions http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/ Latest CMOS FAQ Questions with links to the answers en-us Thu, 29 Sep 2016 05:00:00 GMT 60 http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Punctuation/faq0107.html Q. I wrote a report at work, and whenever I wrote a sentence such as “Most businesses pay taxes monthly, however, some small businesses pay taxes quarterly,” the sentence was changed to “Most businesses pay taxes monthly. However, some small businesses pay taxes quarterly.” Is this correct? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I wrote a report at work, and whenever I wrote a sentence such as &ldquo;Most businesses pay taxes monthly, however, some small businesses pay taxes quarterly,&rdquo; the sentence was changed to &ldquo;Most businesses pay taxes monthly. However, some small businesses pay taxes quarterly.&rdquo; Is this correct?</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 19:17:10 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/ManuscriptPreparation/faq0173.html Q. When tables are double enumerated (3.1, 3.2, etc.) is a full stop placed after the number and before the space separating it from the table title? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>When tables are double enumerated (3.1, 3.2, etc.) is a full stop placed after the number and before the space separating it from the table title?</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 19:16:03 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Capitalization/faq0060.html Q. I’m editing a Regency-era romance, and there are several references to the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, shortened to Foreign Secretary in some places and Secretary in others. I’m aware of Chicago’s preference for lowercase in such circumstances. I find myself using lowercase for the prime minister with ease, but the secretary is giving me pause. I’m worried about creating confusion with the modern idea of clerical secretaries. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I&rsquo;m editing a Regency-era romance, and there are several references to the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, shortened to Foreign Secretary in some places and Secretary in others. I&rsquo;m aware of Chicago&rsquo;s preference for lowercase in such circumstances. I find myself using lowercase for the prime minister with ease, but the secretary is giving me pause. I&rsquo;m worried about creating confusion with the modern idea of clerical secretaries.</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 19:13:47 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0296.html Q. I’m editing a dissertation that quotes letters and interviews and other private documents. I understand that authors’ names in the bibliography do not include clerical titles such as Father, Bishop, and Archbishop. Does that apply to footnotes as well? And should the clerical titles be omitted for the recipients of the letters? Given that the dissertation concerns all manner of ecclesiastical matters, it includes many references to clergy at all levels of the hierarchy. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I&rsquo;m editing a dissertation that quotes letters and interviews and other private documents. I understand that authors&rsquo; names in the bibliography do not include clerical titles such as Father, Bishop, and Archbishop. Does that apply to footnotes as well? And should the clerical titles be omitted for the recipients of the letters? Given that the dissertation concerns all manner of ecclesiastical matters, it includes many references to clergy at all levels of the hierarchy.</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 19:12:43 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0295.html Q. I am writing a long research paper, and in almost every page the footnotes take up nearly half the page. Most of my sources have URLs with them; am I allowed to take out all of the URLs in the footnotes if they are included in my bibliography? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I am writing a long research paper, and in almost every page the footnotes take up nearly half the page. Most of my sources have URLs with them; am I allowed to take out all of the URLs in the footnotes if they are included in my bibliography?</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 19:09:38 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Quotations/faq0057.html Q. Is it permissible to modify the verb tenses in a quotation to fit the grammatical and/or aesthetic structure of a sentence, presuming that the meaning of the original is not otherwise altered? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Is it permissible to modify the verb tenses in a quotation to fit the grammatical and/or aesthetic structure of a sentence, presuming that the meaning of the original is not otherwise altered?</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 19:08:26 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0294.html Q. Many online journals are switching from continuous pagination of their articles to assigning each article a number. I’m working with a company that wants to incorporate these article numbers in their citations. Where would the article number go in the citation? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Many online journals are switching from continuous pagination of their articles to assigning each article a number. I&rsquo;m working with a company that wants to incorporate these article numbers in their citations. Where would the article number go in the citation?</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 19:07:10 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/OneSpaceorTwo/faq0005.html Q. I took typing in 1967 and was taught the two-space convention and have used it ever since. That is, until one of those pesky millennials complained and slapped me with your website. When did the convention change? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I took typing in 1967 and was taught the two-space convention and have used it ever since. That is, until one of those pesky millennials complained and slapped me with your website. When did the convention change?</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 19:06:03 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/ProperNames/faq0043.html Q. I’m editing a biography of a WWII pilot. Would bomber training and fighter training be capitalized because they are referring to specific types of planes? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I&rsquo;m editing a biography of a WWII pilot. Would <em>bomber training</em> and <em>fighter training</em> be capitalized because they are referring to specific types of planes?</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 19:04:56 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Usage/faq0307.html Q. A friend and I are debating over the proper use of as in this sentence: “You are as unique as your style.” My friend believes the sentence requires a verb at the end such as “You are as unique as your style is.” We cannot figure out which construction is correct. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>A friend and I are debating over the proper use of <em>as</em> in this sentence: &ldquo;You are as unique as your style.&rdquo; My friend believes the sentence requires a verb at the end such as &ldquo;You are as unique as your style is.&rdquo; We cannot figure out which construction is correct.</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 18:58:24 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/PossessivesandAttributives/faq0045.html Q. How would this be punctuated correctly? “The AZ Group of Companies’, comprising ABC Machine Company, DEF Machine Company, and GHI Corporation, mission is to provide&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&nbsp;.” or “The AZ Group of Companies,’ comprising ABC Machine Company, DEF Machine Company, and GHI Corporation, mission is to provide&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&nbsp;.”? I’m writing a brochure and can’t find it anywhere online. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>How would this be punctuated correctly? &ldquo;The AZ Group of Companies&rsquo;, comprising ABC Machine Company, DEF Machine Company, and GHI Corporation, mission is to provide&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&rdquo; or &ldquo;The AZ Group of Companies,&rsquo; comprising ABC Machine Company, DEF Machine Company, and GHI Corporation, mission is to provide&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&nbsp;.&rdquo;? I&rsquo;m writing a brochure and can&rsquo;t find it anywhere online.</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 18:52:46 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Compounds/faq0019.html Q. Is there a rule I can point to in self-defense to justify the following hyphenation of compound nouns: “in private- and business life”? Business life is an unhyphenated compound noun in this sentence, but the first term, private, is hyphenated by virtue of being separated from the second term of its compound form, life. Does that sound right? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Is there a rule I can point to in self-defense to justify the following hyphenation of compound nouns: &ldquo;in private- and business life&rdquo;? <em>Business life</em> is an unhyphenated compound noun in this sentence, but the first term, <em>private</em>, is hyphenated by virtue of being separated from the second term of its compound form, <em>life</em>. Does that sound right?</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 18:50:38 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/ManuscriptPreparation/faq0172.html Q. In a graph with two labeled y axes, where the left axis label is turned counterclockwise so that it is read from down to up, what direction should the right label be turned: clockwise or counterclockwise? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>In a graph with two labeled <em>y</em> axes, where the left axis label is turned counterclockwise so that it is read from down to up, what direction should the right label be turned: clockwise or counterclockwise?</p> Tue, 06 Sep 2016 18:49:06 GMT