CMOS FAQ Questions http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/ Latest CMOS FAQ Questions with links to the answers en-us Fri, 26 Aug 2016 05:00:00 GMT 60 http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Usage/faq0306.html Q. In “Who shall I say is calling?” is who the object of say (and therefore whom would also be acceptable), or is who the subject of is (and therefore whom is wrong)? I always thought one rearranged the order of the sentence to check (“I shall say whom”). <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>In &ldquo;Who shall I say is calling?&rdquo; is <em>who</em> the object of <em>say</em> (and therefore <em>whom</em> would also be acceptable), or is <em>who</em> the subject of <em>is</em> (and therefore <em>whom</em> is wrong)? I always thought one rearranged the order of the sentence to check (&ldquo;I shall say whom&rdquo;).</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:56:02 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Commas/faq0072.html Q. We have a debate going on about the following sentence. Should there be a comma after the word&nbsp;states or not? Following rule 6.28 about commas before independent clauses joined by conjunctions, I believe it would. Thoughts? “The company operates in DC and all states except AK, ME, NH, NY, and RI.” <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>We have a debate going on about the following sentence. Should there be a comma after the word&nbsp;<em>states</em> or not? Following rule 6.28 about commas before independent clauses joined by conjunctions, I believe it would. Thoughts? &ldquo;The company operates in DC and all states except AK, ME, NH, NY, and RI.&rdquo;</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:55:01 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Plurals/faq0029.html Q. If Q & A stands for question and answer (as in a Q&nbsp;&&nbsp;A session), how would you make this a plural, as in “The police officer recorded the [questions and answers] in his notebook”? I assume Qs&nbsp;&&nbsp;As is correct but would appreciate your confirmation. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>If Q &amp; A stands for question and answer (as in a Q&nbsp;&amp;&nbsp;A session), how would you make this a plural, as in &ldquo;The police officer recorded the [questions and answers] in his notebook&rdquo;? I assume Qs&nbsp;&amp;&nbsp;As is correct but would appreciate your confirmation.</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:48:41 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Alphabetizing/faq0024.html Q. How do I alphabetize “Prince Michael of Greece” as an author name? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>How do I alphabetize &ldquo;Prince Michael of Greece&rdquo; as an author name?</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:47:04 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0293.html Q. I am editing a paper and changing the citations into Chicago style. The sentence in question reads: “In terms of the transition from a sociology of labour, there has been enough uptake to allow for such assessments (see Lier 2007; Castree 2007; Coe and Lier 2011; Rutherford 2010; and Coe 2013 for a more recent review).” How would I cite this in Chicago? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I am editing a paper and changing the citations into Chicago style. The sentence in question reads: &ldquo;In terms of the transition from a sociology of labour, there has been enough uptake to allow for such assessments (see Lier 2007; Castree 2007; Coe and Lier 2011; Rutherford 2010; and Coe 2013 for a more recent review).&rdquo; How would I cite this in Chicago?</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:45:38 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0292.html Q. I’m trying to write a footnote for a book that has been revised and enlarged. How do I cite the reviser? This is what the author has currently provided: James Boswell, Life of Johnson, ed. George Birkbeck Hill, revised by L. F. Powell, rev. ed. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1934–64), 2:365. I feel that if I include Powell it should be abbreviated somehow—“rev. by” or something. Should I treat him like an editor instead? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I&rsquo;m trying to write a footnote for a book that has been revised and enlarged. How do I cite the reviser? This is what the author has currently provided: James Boswell, <em>Life of Johnson</em>, ed. George Birkbeck Hill, revised by L. F. Powell, rev. ed. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1934&ndash;64), 2:365. I feel that if I include Powell it should be abbreviated somehow&mdash;&ldquo;rev. by&rdquo; or something. Should I treat him like an editor instead?</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:44:17 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/HyphensEnDashesEmDashes/faq0114.html Q. My colleagues in marketing add a full space before and after a hyphen rather than using a dash without spaces. I agree with CMOS on the proper uses of hyphens, en dashes, and em dashes, but haven’t seen any direction about the spaces before and after these characters. I tend to kern a little air between the beginning and end of a dash if the font jams them together, but it is nothing remotely close to a full space. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>My colleagues in marketing add a full space before and after a hyphen rather than using a dash without spaces. I agree with <em>CMOS</em> on the proper uses of hyphens, en dashes, and em dashes, but haven&rsquo;t seen any direction about the spaces before and after these characters. I tend to kern a little air between the beginning and end of a dash if the font jams them together, but it is nothing remotely close to a full space.</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:17:59 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Abbreviations/faq0068.html Q. What is CMOS’s take on the use of and the defining of acronyms in section and subsection headings? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>What is <em>CMOS</em>&rsquo;s take on the use of and the defining of acronyms in section and subsection headings?</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:16:43 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0291.html Q. I am citing a letter from a volume of documents that was once part of a manuscript collection at an archive. I have a photocopy of the letter, made twenty-five years ago when the volume was at the archive, but the volume has since been stolen. How do I cite the letter? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I am citing a letter from a volume of documents that was once part of a manuscript collection at an archive. I have a photocopy of the letter, made twenty-five years ago when the volume was at the archive, but the volume has since been stolen. How do I cite the letter?</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:15:37 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Abbreviations/faq0067.html Q. A colleague frequently uses the abbreviation Sr. in reports and other communications, even when not abbreviating other words. For example, “the Sr. Leadership Team agreed to meet on Thursday” or “the Sr. Researcher is attending the meeting this week.” Am I just being picky? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>A colleague frequently uses the abbreviation <em>Sr.</em> in reports and other communications, even when not abbreviating other words. For example, &ldquo;the Sr. Leadership Team agreed to meet on Thursday&rdquo; or &ldquo;the Sr. Researcher is attending the meeting this week.&rdquo; Am I just being picky?</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 20:13:37 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Usage/faq0305.html Q. I recently reviewed a scientific test report and my comments included recommendations to correct the use of over 80 instances of passive voice. I rewrote (corrected) each of the instances of passive voice for the author and included them in my comments. The author rejected each of my comments with the rationale that the avoidance of passive voice does not apply to scientific test reports. Is this true? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I recently reviewed a scientific test report and my comments included recommendations to correct the use of over 80 instances of passive voice. I rewrote (corrected) each of the instances of passive voice for the author and included them in my comments. The author rejected each of my comments with the rationale that the avoidance of passive voice does not apply to scientific test reports. Is this true?</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 19:57:10 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Usage/faq0304.html Q. I have a question that my colleague and I can’t find a definitive answer to, and that is whether less&nbsp;or&nbsp;fewer&nbsp;is used with countable, but singular, nouns. For example, “one less/fewer group,” “one less/fewer number,” and so on. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I have a question that my colleague and I can&rsquo;t find a definitive answer to, and that is whether <em>less&nbsp;</em>or&nbsp;<em>fewer&nbsp;</em>is used with countable, but singular, nouns. For example, &ldquo;one less/fewer group,&rdquo; &ldquo;one less/fewer number,&rdquo; and so on.</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 19:56:03 GMT http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Abbreviations/faq0066.html Q. Is it acceptable to use undefined acronyms in the table of contents, waiting to define the acronyms in the body of the document? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Is it acceptable to use undefined acronyms in the table of contents, waiting to define the acronyms in the body of the document?</p> Tue, 02 Aug 2016 19:54:20 GMT