CMOS FAQ Questions http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/ Latest CMOS FAQ Questions with links to the answers en-us Mon, 25 Jun 2018 05:00:00 GMT 60 http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/ManuscriptPreparation/faq0208.html Q. As a proofreader, I always mark a bad break when a line ends with an em dash and then a divided word: This part of the street was relatively modest—boast- ing a bank. But I can’t find anything in CMOS that actually says this is necessary. Am I missing it? I also work for one publisher who considers it a bad break when an em dash appears after the portion of the word carried over: This part of the street was relatively mod- est—boasting a bank. Is that rule any more or less valid than the preceding one? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>As a proofreader, I always mark a bad break when a line ends with an em dash and then a divided word:</p> <p class="indent_Q_pt5in">This part of the street was relatively modest&mdash;boast-<br /> ing a bank.</p> <p class="Q">But I can&rsquo;t find anything in <em>CMOS</em> that actually says this is necessary. Am I missing it? I also work for one publisher who considers it a bad break when an em dash appears after the portion of the word carried over:</p> <p class="indent_Q_pt5in">This part of the street was relatively mod-<br /> est&mdash;boasting a bank.</p> <p class="Q">Is that rule any more or less valid than the preceding one?</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:20:52 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0340.html Q. I am editing a manuscript for an international journal that uses Chicago style. An author has cited a monograph. I cannot find an entry for Chicago’s guidelines on monograph formatting in the index or in chapter 14. Can you tell me where I should look? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I am editing a manuscript for an international journal that uses Chicago style. An author has cited a monograph. I cannot find an entry for Chicago&rsquo;s guidelines on monograph formatting in the index or in chapter 14. Can you tell me where I should look?</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:19:35 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Usage/faq0345.html Q. How can I look up words like “illegal alien” or “lady” that are hurtful to the people described? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>How can I look up words like &ldquo;illegal alien&rdquo; or &ldquo;lady&rdquo; that are hurtful to the people described?</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:16:57 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Commas/faq0082.html Q. Help! Here’s the problematic sentence: Her efforts, along with the generosity of the Hearts and Art Ball Host Committee, Live Auction cochairs Joe Smith and Jane Smith, the Friends of the Museum, and our beloved patrons, have made this signature event possible. I’m being told by a higher-up to remove the comma before “along with” and the comma after “patrons” because, in her words, “along is a preposition.” I think the commas (or better perhaps, em dashes) need to be there, but I can’t explain why. Can you give me a leg to stand on? Rewriting is not an option. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Help! Here&rsquo;s the problematic sentence:</p> <p class="indent_Q_pt5in">Her efforts, along with the generosity of the Hearts and Art Ball Host Committee, Live Auction cochairs Joe Smith and Jane Smith, the Friends of the Museum, and our beloved patrons, have made this signature event possible.</p> <p class="Q">I&rsquo;m being told by a higher-up to remove the comma before &ldquo;along with&rdquo; and the comma after &ldquo;patrons&rdquo; because, in her words, &ldquo;<em>along</em> is a preposition.&rdquo; I think the commas (or better perhaps, em dashes) need to be there, but I can&rsquo;t explain why. Can you give me a leg to stand on? Rewriting is not an option.</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:14:50 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Abbreviations/faq0080.html Q. Hello. A term you used in your hyphenation table is slightly incorrect, I believe. You call the units of measurement (m, kg, ft.) “abbreviations.” (I assume that things like MB and GHz also fall into this category?) According to Merriam-Webster, an abbreviation is “a shortened form of a written word or phrase used in place of the whole word or phrase. ‘Amt’ is an abbreviation for ‘amount.’ ‘USA’ is an abbreviation of ‘United States of America.’” That has nothing to do with the examples in the table. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Hello. A term you used in your <a href="http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/dam/cmos/tables/pdfs/table07-hyphens.pdf" target="_blank">hyphenation table</a> is slightly incorrect, I believe. You call the units of measurement (<em>m</em>, <em>kg</em>, <em>ft.</em>) &ldquo;abbreviations.&rdquo; (I assume that things like <em>MB</em> and <em>GHz</em> also fall into this category?) According to Merriam-Webster, an abbreviation is &ldquo;a shortened form of a written word or phrase used in place of the whole word or phrase. &lsquo;Amt&rsquo; is an <em>abbreviation</em> for &lsquo;amount.&rsquo; &lsquo;USA&rsquo; is an <em>abbreviation</em> of &lsquo;United States of America.&rsquo;&rdquo; That has nothing to do with the examples in the table.</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:13:35 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Numbers/faq0050.html Q. Should hundred be repeated in spelled-out number ranges such as “one to three hundred” (meaning 100 to 300)? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Should <em>hundred</em> be repeated in spelled-out number ranges such as &ldquo;one to three hundred&rdquo; (meaning 100 to 300)?</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:12:30 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Usage/faq0344.html Q. This is sort of a dangler, and yet it seems OK: “As a captain, most of my duties are administrative.” I rewrote it to be safe, but is that kind of construction OK? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>This is sort of a dangler, and yet it seems OK: &ldquo;As a captain, most of my duties are administrative.&rdquo; I rewrote it to be safe, but is that kind of construction OK?</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:11:24 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Punctuation/faq0124.html Q. I am unclear on whether you always use brackets for ellipses that the author quoting the material has inserted. For example, in this quote, the quoting author has inserted ellipses. Would every instance of ellipses therefore be bracketed? “Make manifest the nature of the Moral-Mental-Physical Conflict; . . . discern a Pattern for Successful Operations; . . . help generalize Tactics and Strategy; . . . find a basis for Grand Strategy.” <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I am unclear on whether you always use brackets for ellipses that the author quoting the material has inserted. For example, in this quote, the quoting author has inserted ellipses. Would every instance of ellipses therefore be bracketed? &ldquo;Make manifest the nature of the Moral-Mental-Physical Conflict; . . . discern a Pattern for Successful Operations; . . . help generalize Tactics and Strategy; . . . find a basis for Grand Strategy.&rdquo;</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:10:13 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0339.html Q. How do I cite a page or folio number if that number was incorrectly printed on the page—something that happens occasionally in early books? Page numbers might run 14, 15, 26, 17, 18. For the one after 15, should I use “26 [16]”? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>How do I cite a page or folio number if that number was incorrectly printed on the page&mdash;something that happens occasionally in early books? Page numbers might run 14, 15, 26, 17, 18. For the one after 15, should I use &ldquo;26 [16]&rdquo;?</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 21:09:00 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Plurals/faq0034.html Q. To correctly style the plural of a word as word, or phrase as phrase, (1) do we italicize the core word and leave the s or es ending in roman type: An excessive number of hads, hases, hises, hes, shes, ises, whereases, yeses, nos, etc.? Or (2) should the items be in roman: An excessive number of hads, hases, hises, hes, shes, ises, whereases, yeses, nos, etc.? Or (3) should the items be in roman, enclosed in quotation marks: An excessive number of “hads,” “hases,” “hises,” “hes,” “shes,” “ises,” “whereases,” “yeses,” “nos,”&nbsp;etc.? Please, no recasts. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>To correctly style the plural of a word as word, or phrase as phrase, (1) do we italicize the core word and leave the <em>s</em> or <em>es</em> ending in roman type: An excessive number of <em>had</em>s, <em>has</em>es, <em>his</em>es, <em>he</em>s, <em>she</em>s, <em>is</em>es, <em>whereas</em>es, <em>yes</em>es, <em>no</em>s, etc.? Or (2) should the items be in roman: An excessive number of hads, hases, hises, hes, shes, ises, whereases, yeses, nos, etc.? Or (3) should the items be in roman, enclosed in quotation marks: An excessive number of &ldquo;hads,&rdquo; &ldquo;hases,&rdquo; &ldquo;hises,&rdquo; &ldquo;hes,&rdquo; &ldquo;shes,&rdquo; &ldquo;ises,&rdquo; &ldquo;whereases,&rdquo; &ldquo;yeses,&rdquo; &ldquo;nos,&rdquo;&nbsp;etc.? Please, no recasts.</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 20:53:16 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Numbers/faq0049.html Q. Phone numbers. The US convention is sort of (Area Code) PRE-Number. International is all over the place. Any advice on presenting these in a consistent manner? In particular, I want to set a style rule for my company, which is US-based but has mostly international customers, so I want to include the country code as well. I’m leaning toward spaces separating the elements: +1 222 333 4567. Any thoughts? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Phone numbers. The US convention is sort of (Area Code) PRE-Number. International is all over the place. Any advice on presenting these in a consistent manner? In particular, I want to set a style rule for my company, which is US-based but has mostly international customers, so I want to include the country code as well. I&rsquo;m leaning toward spaces separating the elements: +1 222 333 4567. Any thoughts?</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 19:24:59 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Usage/faq0343.html Q. I’m editing an advertising brochure that says, “With more cruise departures from more convenient ports, you’ll find an itinerary that’s just right for you.” A colleague asks, “More than what or whom? You should not use a comparative word like more without providing the comparison. More than other cruise lines offer? With more cruise departures from more convenient ports than other cruise lines offer?” Is this true or have we evolved a little in terms of ad copy? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I&rsquo;m editing an advertising brochure that says, &ldquo;With more cruise departures from more convenient ports, you&rsquo;ll find an itinerary that&rsquo;s just right for you.&rdquo; A colleague asks, &ldquo;More than what or whom? You should not use a comparative word like <em>more</em> without providing the comparison. More than other cruise lines offer? With more cruise departures from more convenient ports than other cruise lines offer?&rdquo; Is this true or have we evolved a little in terms of ad copy?</p> Tue, 05 Jun 2018 19:23:43 GMT