CMOS FAQ Questions http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/ Latest CMOS FAQ Questions with links to the answers en-us Fri, 20 Apr 2018 05:00:00 GMT 60 http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Capitalization/faq0072.html Q. I see that we initial cap Satan, Satanism, Satanist. Do we initial cap Satanic? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I see that we initial cap <em>Satan</em>, <em>Satanism</em>, <em>Satanist</em>. Do we initial cap <em>Satanic</em>?</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:48:31 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0336.html Q. I work for a climate research group at a university. We are building a series of online tools for folks interested in using science to adapt to climate change. I need guidance on how our users should cite the unique forecasts and projections they produce using our tools. In a sense, the products (graphs, maps, etc.) are unique to them and their usage, meaning we could ask them to cite the access date, but that wouldn’t be that descriptive of what they were doing. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I work for a climate research group at a university. We are building a series of online tools for folks interested in using science to adapt to climate change. I need guidance on how our users should cite the unique forecasts and projections they produce using our tools. In a sense, the products (graphs, maps, etc.) are unique to them and their usage, meaning we could ask them to cite the access date, but that wouldn&rsquo;t be that descriptive of what they were doing.</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:47:26 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/ProperNames/faq0052.html Q. With regard to capitalizing city and state, we as reporters are taught to be “consistent,” which can be near impossible. Here is my particular dilemma: The City of Anywhere is being sued. Is city capped throughout as a governmental agency being sued? I thought so, fine, until the matter came up that someone gets paid by the state. Great, now what? Cap one but not the other? It’s really quite maddening and I am in a state of frustration. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>With regard to capitalizing <em>city</em> and <em>state</em>, we as reporters are taught to be &ldquo;consistent,&rdquo; which can be near impossible. Here is my particular dilemma: The City of Anywhere is being sued. Is <em>city</em> capped throughout as a governmental agency being sued? I thought so, fine, until the matter came up that someone gets paid by the <em>state</em>. Great, now what? Cap one but not the other? It&rsquo;s really quite maddening and I am in a state of frustration.</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:46:15 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0335.html Q. In cases where a single short quotation stands completely on its own (such as in the front matter of a book or in a social media post), I generally see it attributed using a dash and the person’s name (“—Albert Einstein,” for example). Is this format accepted by Chicago, or is it strictly informal? Also, is it an em dash, en dash, or hyphen? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>In cases where a single short quotation stands completely on its own (such as in the front matter of a book or in a social media post), I generally see it attributed using a dash and the person&rsquo;s name (&ldquo;&mdash;Albert Einstein,&rdquo; for example). Is this format accepted by Chicago, or is it strictly informal? Also, is it an em dash, en dash, or hyphen?</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:44:51 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Quotations/faq0063.html Q. A question about paraphrased quotations. I am proofreading an artist monograph that includes substantial text. Much of the text comes from interviews with people who knew the artist. In many cases, the interviewees quote someone else, but in more or less every single case, these are paraphrased quotes and not exact reproductions of what someone said. The editor and I have not been able to come to a conclusion as to whether it would be better to set such quotes between double quotation marks, or to italicize them, or to simply capitalize the first word of the “quote.” We prefer to not simply capitalize the first letter for fear that it might cause some confusion, seeing as there are many different voices in the text. And we are hesitating about using quotation marks because (a) they are not exact quotes and (b) we feel that they divide up the text too much. We like the idea of using italics, as they maybe allow the text to flow better. However, italics are already in use for a number of foreign expressions in the text. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>A question about paraphrased quotations. I am proofreading an artist monograph that includes substantial text. Much of the text comes from interviews with people who knew the artist. In many cases, the interviewees quote someone else, but in more or less every single case, these are paraphrased quotes and not exact reproductions of what someone said. The editor and I have not been able to come to a conclusion as to whether it would be better to set such quotes between double quotation marks, or to italicize them, or to simply capitalize the first word of the &ldquo;quote.&rdquo; We prefer to not simply capitalize the first letter for fear that it might cause some confusion, seeing as there are many different voices in the text. And we are hesitating about using quotation marks because (a) they are not exact quotes and (b) we feel that they divide up the text too much. We like the idea of using italics, as they maybe allow the text to flow better. However, italics are already in use for a number of foreign expressions in the text.</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:43:09 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/ManuscriptPreparation/faq0207.html Q. In the manuscript I’m working on, a citation from an article published in Britain uses the word artefact in the title, but the spelling artifact is used throughout the manuscript (as we’re in North America). This citation is the only place where this spelling appears, but obviously I can’t change it. How do I reconcile this inconsistency? Is there some way of saying “yes, this citation is spelled correctly, but it’s an alternate spelling”? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>In the manuscript I&rsquo;m working on, a citation from an article published in Britain uses the word <em>artefact</em> in the title, but the spelling <em>artifact</em> is used throughout the manuscript (as we&rsquo;re in North America). This citation is the only place where this spelling appears, but obviously I can&rsquo;t change it. How do I reconcile this inconsistency? Is there some way of saying &ldquo;yes, this citation is spelled correctly, but it&rsquo;s an alternate spelling&rdquo;?</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:41:42 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/CapitalizationTitles/faq0080.html Q. Should published reports be italicized or in quotation marks? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Should published reports be italicized or in quotation marks?</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:20:17 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Abbreviations/faq0078.html Q. I’m proofreading a manuscript in which US is abbreviated without periods throughout. But when it’s part of a compound, periods are added. (“The U.S.-ratified agreement,” or “U.S.-friendly leaders,” for example.) My impulse is to change it, but it appears so regularly that it seems to have been done this way on purpose. (There are 35 instances over 400 pages of text.) Is there ever a reason to use periods in some instances but not others, when you’re abbreviating “United States”? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>I&rsquo;m proofreading a manuscript in which <em>US</em> is abbreviated without periods throughout. But when it&rsquo;s part of a compound, periods are added. (&ldquo;The U.S.-ratified agreement,&rdquo; or &ldquo;U.S.-friendly leaders,&rdquo; for example.) My impulse is to change it, but it appears so regularly that it seems to have been done this way on purpose. (There are 35 instances over 400 pages of text.) Is there ever a reason to use periods in some instances but not others, when you&rsquo;re abbreviating &ldquo;United States&rdquo;?</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:18:45 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Capitalization/faq0071.html Q. Should quoted (historical) telegram/telegraph messages be set in all caps? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Should quoted (historical) telegram/telegraph messages be set in all caps?</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:17:30 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/ManuscriptPreparation/faq0206.html Q. Dear CMOS editors: Some colleagues are having a debate over whether an author’s personal life story written in third person should be considered an autobiography or a biography. The manuscript’s classification will drive decisions about including documentation in the work. Your help with this issue will be greatly appreciated. <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>Dear <em>CMOS</em> editors: Some colleagues are having a debate over whether an author&rsquo;s personal life story written in third person should be considered an autobiography or a biography. The manuscript&rsquo;s classification will drive decisions about including documentation in the work. Your help with this issue will be greatly appreciated.</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 19:16:20 GMT http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/HyphensEnDashesEmDashes/faq0128.html Q. If someone has a compound surname like “De Chicago-Smith,” do we use an en dash? I understand the rationale, but I think it looks weird (but who cares what I think?). What about “De Chicago-Von Suedkurve Auf Der CSS&SBRR,” for example? <p class="Q"><span class="Q_label">Q. </span>If someone has a compound surname like &ldquo;De Chicago-Smith,&rdquo; do we use an en dash? I understand the rationale, but I think it looks weird (but who cares what I think?). What about &ldquo;De Chicago-Von Suedkurve Auf Der CSS&amp;SBRR,&rdquo; for example?</p> Tue, 03 Apr 2018 18:50:57 GMT