Q. I typed out a transcript of a video online to use in a paper. The lecturer says “uh” several times. Should I include these in my quotation or remove them?

A. Some transcribers include such noises; others edit them out. If coughs and stutters are irrelevant to your point, it’s better (and kinder) to omit them, but if you omit anything potentially meaningful, you should include a note with the transcript explaining your method.